Cardiovascular Disease Science

Proteomics coupled transcriptomics reveals lipopolysaccharide inhibiting peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors signalling pathway to reduce lipid droplets accumulation in mouse liver
03-06-2023Lipid droplets (LDs) are multifunctional organelles consisting of a central compartment of non-polar lipids shielded from the cytoplasm by a phospholipid monolayer. The excessive accumulation of LDs in cells is closely related to the development and progression of many diseases in humans and animals, such as liver-related and cardiovascular diseases. Thus, regulating the LDs size and abundance is necessary to maintain metabolic homeostasis. This study found that lipopolysaccharide (LPS)...

Development and characterization of canine-specific computational models to predict pulsatile arterial hemodynamics and ventricular-arterial coupling
03-06-2023Pulsatile hemodynamics analyses provide important information about the ventricular-arterial system which cannot be inferred by standard blood pressure measurements. Pulse wave analysis (PWA), wave separation analysis (WSA), and wave power analysis (WPA) characterize arterial hemodynamics with limited preclinical applications. Integrating these tools into preclinical testing may enhance understanding of disease or therapeutic effects on cardiovascular function. We used a canine rapid ventricular...

Trajectories of glycaemic traits exhibit sex-specific associations with hepatic iron and fat content: Results from the KORA-MRI study
03-06-2023CONCLUSIONS: Unfavourable 7-year trajectories of markers of glucose metabolism are associated with increased hepatic fat content, particularly in women, whereas the association with hepatic iron content was less clear. Monitoring changes of glycaemia in the sub-diabetic range might enable early identification of hepatic iron overload and steatosis.

The antianginal ranolazine fails to improve glycemia in obese liver-specific pyruvate dehydrogenase deficient male mice
03-06-2023CONCLUSIONS: Liver-specific PDH deficiency is insufficient to promote an NAFLD phenotype. Nonetheless, hepatic PDH activity partially contributes to how the antianginal, ranolazine, improves glucose tolerance and alleviates hepatic steatosis in obesity.

The effects of sleep disruption on metabolism, hunger, and satiety, and the influence of psychosocial stress and exercise: A narrative review
03-06-2023Sleep deficiency is a ubiquitous phenomenon among Americans. In fact, in the United States, ∼78% of teens and 35% of adults currently get less sleep than recommended for their age-group, and the quality of sleep appears to be getting worse for many. The consequences of sleep disruption manifest in a myriad of ways, including insulin resistance and disrupted nutrient metabolism, dysregulation of hunger and satiety, and potentially increased body weight and adiposity. Consequently, inadequate...




Illness perception in patients with D.M. type II in Cambodia
This research is a qualitative study of illness perception in patients registered in a clinic in a rural area in Cambodia (Cambodia-Dutch Organization). All patients in the clinic with Diabetes...