Diabetes Mellitus Wetenschap

Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase inhibitors: A new valid approach for management of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase inhibitors: A new valid approach for management of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Eur J Med Chem. 2017 Sep 21;141:473-505

Authors: Kaur R, Dahiya L, Kumar M

Abstract
The rising incidence of diabetes and confines allied with clinical therapies emphasized the need to explore new molecular targets to develop novel, effective and safer antihyperglycemic agents. Excessive endogenous glucose production by gluconeogenesis is a primary determinant of hyperglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes. But not even a single current medication acts directly to reduce gluconeogenesis. Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase), a well recognized rate controlling enzyme of gluconeogenesis, has emerged as legitimate molecular level target to control gluconeogenesis mediated glucose overproduction and its inhibitors are likely to fulfill an unmet medical need. In this compilation various chemical classes of FBPase inhibitors have been reviewed which mainly acts through uncompetitive and non-competitive manner. A detailed account on structure activity relationship studies of inhibitors have been presented along with their molecular level interactions at binding sites of enzyme. Three Dimensional Quantitative Structure Activity relationship (3D-QSAR) studies, performed to optimize the lead, have been summarized at some places. In this assemblage, FBPase inhibitors patented in past have been compiled in tabular form. This review highlights the new insight into the therapeutic utility of FBPase inhibitors and their potential as a new class of antidiabetic drugs.

PMID: 29055870 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]



A peer support intervention in improving glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes.

A peer support intervention in improving glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Patient Educ Couns. 2017 Oct 12;:

Authors: Peimani M, Monjazebi F, Ghodssi-Ghassemabadi R, Nasli-Esfahani E

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the effectiveness of a peer support intervention, in which patients with T2DM were provided ongoing self-management support by trained peers with diabetes directed at improving self-care behaviors, self-efficacy and life quality.
METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, 200 patients referred to a diabetes specialty clinic were allocated to peer support or control group. Participants in both groups received usual education by diabetes educators. Intervention participants worked with the trained volunteer peers who encouraged participants to engage in daily self-management and to discuss and share their experiences and challenges of diabetes management. The primary outcomes were HbA1c, BMI, self-care behaviors, self-efficacy and life quality RESULTS: After 6 months, patients in the peer support group experienced a significant decline in mean A1c value (P=0.045). Also, mean diabetes self-management scores, mean self-efficacy scores and mean quality of life scores significantly improved in peer support group compared to control group (P values <0.001).
CONCLUSION: Peer support activities can be successfully applied in diabetes self-management, especially in areas with a shortage of professionals and economic resources.
PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Peer support strategies should be integrated into our healthcare system to meet minimum needs of people with T2DM in Iran.

PMID: 29055655 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]



Traumatic brain injury, diabetic neuropathy and altered-psychiatric health: The fateful triangle.

Traumatic brain injury, diabetic neuropathy and altered-psychiatric health: The fateful triangle.

Med Hypotheses. 2017 Oct;108:69-80

Authors: Abou-El-Hassan H, Dia B, Choucair K, Eid SA, Najdi F, Baki L, Talih F, Eid AA, Kobeissy F

Abstract
Traumatic brain injury is a detrimental medical condition particularly when accompanied by diabetes. There are several comorbidities going along with diabetes including, but not limited to, kidney failure, obesity, coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease, hypertension, stroke, neuropathies and amputations. Unlike diabetes type 1, diabetes type 2 is more common in adults who simultaneously suffer from other comorbid conditions making them susceptible to repetitive fall incidents and sustaining head trauma. The resulting brain insult exacerbates current psychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety, which, in turn, increases the risk of sustaining further brain traumas. The relationship between diabetes, traumatic brain injury and psychiatric health constitutes a triad forming a non-reversible vicious cycle. At the proteomic and psychiatric levels, cellular, molecular and behavioral alterations have been reported with the induction of non-traumatic brain injury in diabetic models such as stroke. However, research into traumatic brain injury has not been systematically investigated. Thus, in cases of diabetic neuropathy complicated with traumatic brain injury, utilizing fine structural and analytical techniques allows the identification of key biological markers that can then be used as innovative diagnostics as well as novel therapeutic targets in an attempt to treat diabetes and its sequelae especially those arising from repetitive mild brain trauma.

PMID: 29055405 [PubMed - in process]



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