Baseline asthma burden, comorbidities, and biomarkers in omalizumab-treated patients in PROSPERO.
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2017 Oct 17;:
Authors: Chipps BE, Zeiger RS, Luskin AT, Busse WW, Trzaskoma BL, Antonova EN, Pazwash H, Limb SL, Solari PG, Griffin NM, Casale TB
BACKGROUND: Patients included in clinical trials do not necessarily reflect the real-world population.
OBJECTIVE: To understand the characteristics, including disease and comorbidity burden, of patients with asthma receiving omalizumab in a real-world setting.
METHODS: The Prospective Observational Study to Evaluate Predictors of Clinical Effectiveness in Response to Omalizumab (PROSPERO) was a US-based, multicenter, single-arm, and prospective study. Patients (≥12 years of age) with allergic asthma initiating omalizumab treatment based on physician-assessed need were included and followed for 12 months. Exacerbations, health care use, adverse events, and Asthma Control Test (ACT) scores were assessed monthly. Biomarkers (blood eosinophils, fractional exhaled nitric oxide, and periostin) were evaluated and patient-reported outcomes (Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire for 12 Years and Older [AQLQ+12] and Work Productivity and Activity Impairment: Asthma questionnaire [WPAI:Asthma]) were completed at baseline and months 6 and 12. The Mini Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (MiniRQLQ) was completed at baseline and 12 months.
RESULTS: Most of the 806 enrollees (91.4%) were adults (mean age 47.3 years, SD 17.4), white (70.3%), and female (63.5%). Allergic comorbidity was frequently reported (84.2%), as were hypertension (35.5%) and depression (22.1%). In the 12 months before study entry, 22.1% of patients reported at least 1 asthma-related hospitalization, 60.7% reported at least 2 exacerbations, and 83.3% reported ACT scores no higher than 19 (uncontrolled asthma). Most patients had low biomarker levels based on prespecified cut-points. Baseline mean patient-reported outcome scores were 4.0 (SD 1.4) for AQLQ+12, 2.7 (SD 1.4) for MiniRQLQ, and 47.7 (SD 28.9) for WPAI:Asthma percentage of activity impairment and 33.5 (SD 28.7) for percentage of overall work impairment.
CONCLUSION: The population initiating omalizumab in PROSPERO reported poorly controlled asthma and a substantial disease burden.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01922037.
PMID: 29054589 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]